A BRIEF ANALYSIS FOR THE NEW EU GENERAL SAFETY REGULATION OF REGULATION (EU) 2019/2144

A BRIEF ANALYSIS FOR THE NEW EU GENERAL SAFETY REGULATION OF REGULATION (EU) 2019/2144

RELEASE DATE:2020-04-13 16:41
ABSTRACT:Following the publication of the new Whole Vehicle Type Approval Framework Regulation (EU) 2018/858 (referred to as the new framework), the EU officially published the new General Safety Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 (referred to as the old GSR) at the end of December 2019. The new GSR aims to enhance the protection of vehicle occupants, vulnerable road users (pedestrians outside the vehicle, cyclists, etc.) and reduce the accident rate and casualties. The new GSR will replace the old General Safety Regulation (EC) No. 661/2009 (the old GSR), revise the technical regulations of the corresponding items in the new framework, revoke a series of EU technical regulations cited in the old framework Directive 2007/46/EC (the old framework), and add and upgrade a number of safety technical requirements.

regulations tracking

A CLEARER AND MORE COMPLETE FRAMEWORK OF SECURITY TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Unlike the vague definition in the old GSR, the new GSR clearly defines the types of safety technology requirements, applicable technical regulations, applicable models, etc. In addition to the general safety technical requirements that must be met by the vehicle model, tyre pressure monitoring system requirements and advanced vehicle technical requirements, the new GSR also specifies additional safety requirements for passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (M1,N1), buses and trucks (M2,M3,N2,N3), hydrogen-fuelled vehicles and self-driving vehicles.

Upgrade of occupant protection requirements
The new GSR provides a comprehensive upgrade to the occupant protection crash program, adding 100% frontal impact and side impact requirements, as well as 
expanding the vehicle range for rear impact, frontal offset impact and side impact to improve the safety of light vehicles.

Item
Regulatory Act
Highlight
Applicable Vehicles
Implementing Date
Frontal full-width impactUN R137.01M1,N1M1,N1new type:2022/7/6
new registration:2024/7/7

Pole side impactUN R135.01M1,N1M1,N1new type:2022/7/6



Rear impactUN R34.03M1,N1(<=3500kg)M1,N1M1,N1(<=3500kg)new type:2022/7/6
new registration:2024/7/7
Frontal off-set impactUN R94.03M1,N1(<=3500kg)M1,N1(<=3500kg)N1(<=2500kg):
new registration:2022/7/6
M1(>2500kg):
new type:2022/7/6
new registration:2024/7/7

Side impactUN R95.03M1,N1M1,N1new type:2022/7/6
new registration:2024/7/7

Advanced vehicle technology requirements
The new GSR sets out the advanced vehicle technology requirements that all M,N class vehicles must meet, and no detailed technical regulations have been issued. It should be noted that while the above advanced automotive technologies must be implemented by monitoring and capturing driver and vehicle information, the EU makes additional clarifications regarding data privacy and data protection: it stipulates that ISA/reverse monitoring/driver drowsiness and distraction warning systems must not use any biometric information (including facial recognition) of drivers and occupants, that driver drowsiness and distraction warning systems must not continuously record or store non-essential information, and that the personal data collected is subject to the relevant procedures in eCall Regulation (EU) 2015/758. 

Technical requirements for automated vehicles
Automated vehicles are subject to additional technical requirements and it is expected that the EU will directly adopt the relevant UN regulations published in the follow-up to WP.29.

Advanced vehicle technology requirements
The new GSR sets out the advanced vehicle technology requirements that all M,N class vehicles must meet, and no detailed technical regulations have been issued. It should be noted that while the above advanced automotive technologies must be implemented by monitoring and capturing driver and vehicle information, the EU makes additional clarifications regarding data privacy and data protection: it stipulates that ISA/reverse monitoring/driver drowsiness and distraction warning systems must not use any biometric information (including facial recognition) of drivers and occupants, that driver drowsiness and distraction warning systems must not continuously record or store non-essential information, and that the personal data collected is subject to the relevant procedures in eCall Regulation (EU) 2015/758.
Technical requirements for automated vehicles
Automated vehicles are subject to additional technical requirements and it is expected that the EU will directly adopt the relevant UN regulations published in the follow-up to WP.29.

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Yvette
Yvette Yang
Global Vehicle Regulation Research, Department Manager
Graduated from Shanghai Jiaotong University with a master's degree in the major of Mechanical Design, 
Yvette served for famous OEMs and has a deep understanding of automotive R&D and manufacturing. 
Yvette now is responsible for the data model and system architecture of ATIC regulation database.
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