Automotive Seating System Global Homologation Solution
Establish a global homologation program at the product development and design stage, proactively, orderly, and low-risk access to multiple target markets

Global Seating System Homologation Matrix
There are compulsory certification requirements for automotive seats and headrests, bus seats, school bus seats, agricultural vehicle seats, etc. in all major automotive markets. For automotive seats, it is generally necessary to use the whole vehicle to perform safety tests such as seat strength, energy absorption, seat anchorages strength and luggage impact etc. For bus seats and school bus seats, many countries also have specific mandatory regulations therefore specific homologation procedure shall be applied

 
  ChinaEU US AustraliaSouth Korea India Argentina
Certification 
CCCECE Type Approval (E-MARK)DOTADRKMVSSCMVRCHAS
Authority
Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People's Republic of China

Member State's Authority
Department of Transportation
Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Cities and Regional Department
Korea Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport
The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
Ministry of Industry
Testing Location
China
China / Europe
China / US
China
China / South Korea
China / India
China / Argentina
Conformity of Production
None
Initial Assessment + CoP
None
Possible Factory Audit
None
Initial Assessment + CoP
Factory Audit + Surveillance Audit
Regulation /
Standard
GB 15083
GB 11550
GB 13057
GB 24406
GB 8410
ECE R17, 25, 80
FMVSS 207 
FMVSS 202a
FMVSS 222
SAE J 4002, SAE J 4003, SAE J 4004, SAE J 782b, SAE J 815, SAE J 879b, SAE J 2287, SAE J 1460-2, SAE J 1517, SAE J 2732
ADR 3, 22, 68
KMVSS Article 24, 25, 25-2, 97, 98, 26, 99
AIS-016, AIS-023, AIS-111
ECE R17
Main Test Items
*The specific test items may different for different product categories or specifications.
Seating System 
General requirements, strength test of seat back and its adjusting device, strength test of seat fixing device, adjusting device, locking device and displacement folding device, headrest performance test, headrest height, headrest gap size, seat back and headrest energy absorption test, interior material flammability test

Bus Seat
General seat requirements, seat dynamic test requirements, seat installation and accessories requirements, vehicle fixture requirements, seat installation requirements, interior material flammability test

School Bus Seat
Seat general requirements, seat forward strength (dynamic test), seat rearward strength (static test), seat cushion requirements, seat fixture requirements, interior material flammability test

Headrests 
Structural requirements, size requirements, static performance test, energy absorption test

Strength of Seats, Their Anchorages and Head Restraints 
General requirements
Test of strength of the seat-back and its adjustment systems
Test of strength of the seat anchorage and the adjustment, locking and displacement systems
Test of the performance of the head restraint
Determination of the height of the head restraint
Determination of the width of the head restraint
Determination of distance "a" of head restraint gaps
Tests for checking energy dissipation on the seat-back and head restraint

Head Restraints
General requirements
Energy dissipating test
Determination of the reference point (H/point) of the head restraint is incorporated
Determination of the height of the head restraint
Determination of the width of the head restraint
Determination of the effectiveness of the device
Determination of distance "a" of head restraint gaps

Strength of Seats and Their Anchorages (Buses)
Dynamic test
Static test
Head restraint requirements

Seating Systems 
Static Force
- Anchorage Strength
- Seat Back Strength
Acceleration

Head Restraints
Dimensional and static performance
- Minimum height
- Width
- Front Outboard Designated Seating Position Backset
- Gaps
- Energy Absorption
- Height Retention
- Backset retention, displacement, and strength
Dynamic performance and width
Folding or retracting rear head restraints non-use positions
Removability of head restraints

School Bus Passenger Seating and Crash Protection
Seat back height, position, and surface area
Seat performance forward
Seat performance rearward
Seat cushion latching and retention
Quasi-static test
Buckle side length limit
Restraining barrier requirements
Impact zone requirements
Carrying a person seated in a wheelchair
Labeling 
Seats and Seat Anchorages
General requirements
Test of strength of the seat-back and its adjustment systems
Test of strength of the seat anchorage and the adjustment, locking and displacement systems
Test of the performance of the head restraint
Determination of the height of the head restraint
Determination of the width of the head restraint
Determination of distance "a" of head restraint gaps
Tests for checking energy dissipation on the seat-back and head restraint

Occupant Protection in Buses
Dynamic tests
Static tests
General Accessories
Armrests

Head Restraints
Dynamic or static test
Driver and Passenger's Seats
Forward load and rearward load test
Rearward moment test
Restraining device strength test
Restraining device acceleration test
Energy absorption test (Article 98 Seat Back)

Head Restraints
Energy absorption test (Article 98 Seat Back)
Seats, their Anchorages and Head Restraints for Category M1
General Specifications Applicable to all Tests
Test of Strength of the Seatback and its Adjustment Systems
Test of Strength of the Seat Anchorage and the Adjustment, Locking and Displacement Systems
Test of the Performance of the Head Restraint
Height of the Head Restraint
Width of the Head Restraint
Head Restraint Gaps
Energy Dissipation on the Seat-back and Head Restraint
Devices Intended to Protect the Occupants against Displacement of Luggage
If a test method other than those specified in para 5.2 to 5.9 above is used, its equivalence shall be proved

Seats, their Anchorages and Head Restraints for Passenger Vehicles of Categories M2, M3 and Goods Vehicles of Category N
Flammability requirements as per IS:15061-2002
Dimensional Requirements
Performance and Strength Requirements
Requirements for Seat Anchorages

Attendant’s Seats of Agricultural Tractors
General requirements for construction and fitting
Special construction requirements
Strength of Seats, Their Anchorages and Head Restraints
General requirements
Test of strength of the seat-back and its adjustment systems
Test of strength of the seat anchorage and the adjustment, locking and displacement systems
Test of the performance of the head restraint
Determination of the height of the head restraint
Determination of the width of the head restraint
Determination of distance "a" of head restraint gaps
Tests for checking energy dissipation on the seat-back and head restraint

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Global Homologation Solution

ATIC CCC Certification Service

China Compulsory Certification (also known as CCC) is the compulsory product certification in China. According to the requirements of CNCA (Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People’s Republic of China), all products listed in the compulsory product certification scope which does not obtain a certificate or apply certification marks in accordance with regulations, shall not be imported, shipped from the factory, or enter into Chinese market.

According to the CNCA implementation rules CNCA-C11-12 Automotive Seats and Seat HeadrestsAutomotive seats and seat headrests must be compulsorily certified. In addition, according to CNCA Announcement No. 44 of 2019, automotive seats and seat headrests are subject to Self-Declaration of Conformity scheme.

Standards:
GB 15083, GB 11550, GB 13057, GB 24406, GB 8410

Seating System Testing Items:
General requirements, strength test of seat back and its adjusting device, strength test of seat fixing device, adjusting device, locking device and displacement folding device, headrest performance test, headrest height, headrest gap size, seat back and headrest energy absorption test, interior material flammability test

Bus Seat Testing Items:
General seat requirements, seat dynamic test requirements, seat installation and accessories requirements, vehicle fixture requirements, seat installation requirements, interior material flammability test

School Bus Seat Testing Items:
Seat general requirements, seat forward strength (dynamic test), seat rearward strength (static test), seat cushion requirements, seat fixture requirements, interior material flammability test

Headrest Testing Items:
Structural requirements, size requirements, static performance test, energy absorption test

Procedure:
Documentation preparation, testing, initial assessment, self-declaration of conformity, market surveillance

Please click here for more Greater China certification:
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Focusing on road safety, environmental protection and public health, people may mention three sets of famous regulations when they talk about European Type Approval System: German StVZO, EU Regulations and UN Regulations. StVZO standards apply to Germany, EU Regulations apply to EU/EEA/EFTA* member states, while UN Regulations may accepted by EU and more than 50 UNECE member states. The seating system regulations include ECE R17, ECE R25, and ECE R80, which are respectively applied to automotive seats, headrests, and bus seats.

*EU: European Union
*EEA: European Economic Area
*EFTA: European Free Trade Association

Regulations:
ECE R17, 25, 80

Seats, Anchorages and Head Restraints Testing Items:
General requirements, test of strength of the seat-back and its adjustment systems, test of strength of the seat anchorage and the adjustment, locking and displacement systems, test of the performance of the head restraint, determination of the height of the head restraint, determination of the width of the head restraint, determination of distance "a" of head restraint gaps, tests for checking energy dissipation on the seat-back and head restraint

Head Restraints Testing Items:
General requirements, energy dissipating test, determination of the reference point (H-Point) of the head restraint is incorporated, determination of the height of the head restraint, determination of the width of the head restraint, determination of the effectiveness of the device, determination of distance "a" of head restraint gaps 

Bus Seats and their Anchorages:
Dynamic test, static test, head restraint requirements

Procedure:
Submit information document, initial assessment, witness tests, rectifications (if any), issuing certificate, conformity of production

Please click here for more EU homologation:
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The National Highway Safety Administration (NHTSA) is the US government agency responsible for implementing the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act and other laws related to motor vehicle safety. Under this authority, NHTSA publishes and enforces the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) for motor vehicles and specific motor vehicle components. The enforcement regulations are listed in Article 49 of the CFR, Sections 500-599. 

The purpose of the US Vehicle Safety Act is to reduce traffic accidents and deaths and injuries caused by traffic accidents. The Vehicle Safety Act requires that every FMVSS regulation must be enforceable, meet the safety requirements of motor vehicles, and must be stated in objective terms. On February 3, 1967, NHTSA issued a final version of the regulations to establish the first version of FMVSS.

FMVSS has specific regulations for seats, headrests, and school bus seats, in addition, SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) also has a number of related standards, compliance evidence may be requested by authorities, customs and buyers, etc.

Standards:
FMVSS 207, FMVSS 202a, FMVSS 222, SAE J 4002, SAE J 4003, SAE J 4004, SAE J 782b, SAE J 815, SAE J 879b, SAE J 2287, SAE J 1460-2, SAE J 1517, SAE J 2732

Seating System Testing Items:
Static Force, Anchorage Strength, Seat Back Strength, Acceleration

Head Restraints Testing Items:
Dimensional and static performance, minimum height, width, front outboard designated seating position backset, gaps, energy absorption, height retention, backset retention, displacement and strength, dynamic performance and width, folding or retracting rear head restraints non-use positions, removability of head restraints

School Bus Passenger Seating and Crash Protection Testing Items:
Seat back height, position, and surface area, seat performance forward, seat performance rearward, seat cushion latching and retention, quasi-static test, buckle side length limit, restraining barrier requirements, impact zone requirements, carrying a person seated in a wheelchair, labeling

Procedure:
Designate agent, submit registration, testing, mass production

Please click here for more North America certifications:
ADR certification

Before a new vehicle can be registered for the first time in Australia, it must meet the requirements of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 (the Act). The Act applies to all new vehicles - whether road motor vehicles or road trailers. Under the Act, new vehicles are required to be fitted with an identification plate (formerly known as a compliance plate). The identification plate provides a clear indication to the state or territory registering authority - and to the owner and the general public - that the vehicle is ready for use in transport on public roads in Australia.

The Road Vehicle Standards Act 2018 (RVSA) and associated Road Vehicle Standards Acts relating to consequential and transitional provisions and charges passed Parliament in late 2018. The Road Vehicle Standards Rules 2019, which cover the operational aspects of the RVSA, were made in February 2019. The RVSA will replace the existing Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989 (MVSA) and deliver an updated and modernized system to regulate the first provision of road vehicles to the Australian market.

There are specific ADR regulations for seats and their anchorages, bus seats, and headrests.

Standards:
ADR 3, 22, 68

Seats and Seat Anchorages Testing Items:
General requirements, test of strength of the seat-back and its adjustment systems, test of strength of the seat anchorage and the adjustment, locking and displacement systems, test of the performance of the head restraint, determination of the height of the head restraint, determination of the width of the head restraint, determination of distance "a" of head restraint gaps, tests for checking energy dissipation on the seat-back and head restraint

Occupant Protection in Buses:
Dynamic tests, static tests, general accessories, armrests

Head Restraints:
Dynamic or static tests

Please click here for more Australian certifications:
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A person who intends to manufacture, assemble or import a motor vehicle (including the incomplete motor vehicle and the motor vehicle manufactured by phase) shall self-authenticate that the model of the relevant motor vehicle meets the safety standards (Korea Motor Vehicle Safety Standard - KMVSS) for motor vehicles (in cases of an incomplete motor vehicle or a motor vehicle manufactured by phase, referring to the safety standards for motor vehicles to be applied as at the time when a manufacture, etc. concerned is finished), as determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (MOLIT).

For certain automotive parts entering the aftermarket, KC (Korea Certification) scheme is applied which was regulated by the Ministry of Industry. From 2018, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (MOLIT) has taken over the regulating and supervising responsibilities of KC certification for automotive components.

Standard:
KMVSS Article 24, 25, 25-2, 97, 98, 26, 99

Driver and Passenger's Seats Testing Items:
Forward load and rearward load test, rearward moment test, restraining device strength test, restraining device acceleration test, energy absorption test (Article 98 Seat Back)

Head Restraints Testing Items:
Energy absorption test (Article 98 Seat Back)

Procedure:
Submit information documents, testing, rectification (if any), certificate issuance

Please click here for more Korea certifications:
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CMVR is the abbreviation of Central Motor Vehicles Rules. Its standard committee is called CMVR-TSC (CMVR-Technical Standing Committee) and belongs to the Indian Ship, Road Traffic and Highway Administration. Since 1991, the CMVR regulations stipulate that motor vehicles and their systems and components must be approved according to the CMVR regulations before entering the Indian market. The tests includes Safety, Emissions and the type approval process includes Factory Audit, Type Testing and Conformity of Production (CoP).

Vehicle manufacturers must comply with the requirements that are applicable on the date of manufacture (or import, in case of imported vehicles). This compliance can be established though a Type Approval Certificate that is issued by the notified Test Agencies. Vehicle manufacturer is responsible for compliance to the updated norms as notified from time to time. Usually the notification specifies the lead time available for the manufacturers for compliance to specific requirement.

There are specific regulations for M1 vehicle seats, M2 / M3 / N vehicle seats, and co-pilot seats for agricultural vehicles that require testing and certification of complete vehicles and components.

Standard:
AIS-016, AIS-023, AIS-111

Seats, their Anchorages and Head Restraints for Category M1:
General specifications applicable to all tests, test of strength of the seat back and its adjustment systems, test of strength of the seat anchorage and the adjustment, locking and displacement systems, test of the performance of the head restraint, height of the head restraint, width of the head restraint, head restraint gaps, energy dissipation on the seat back and head restraint, devices intended to protect the occupants against displacement of luggage

Seats, their Anchorages and Head Restraints for Passenger Vehicles of Categories M2, M3 and Goods Vehicles of Category N:
Flammability requirements as per IS:15061-2002, dimensional requirements, performance and strength requirements, requirements for seat anchorages

Attendant’s Seats for Agricultural Tractors:
General requirements for construction and fitting, special construction requirements

Procedure:
Application, testing, approval, conformity of production

Please click here for more India certification:
Argentina Component Type Approval

Argentine Ministry of Industry’s Regulation No. 91 of 2001 and Regulation No. 66 of 2008 established the mandatory certification system (Certificate of Homologation of Auto Safety Part - Certificado de Homologación de Autoparte de Seguridad - C.H.A.S.) for Argentine automotive aftermarket parts and safety units, which is applicable for both imported or local produced products. Related aftermarket parts shall be certified and registered with the Argentine Ministry of Industry before being allowed to be sold in the Argentine market.

At present, Argentina CHAS certification directly uses ECE R17 for seats. Manufacturers' products need to be tested in accordance with ECE R17, and finally obtain the CHAS certificate before entering Argentine market.

Regulation:
ECE R17

Strength of Seats, their Anchorages and Head Restraints Testing Items:
General requirements, test of strength of the seat-back and its adjustment systems, test of strength of the seat anchorage and the adjustment, locking and displacement systems, test of the performance of the head restraint, determination of the height of the head restraint, determination of the width of the head restraint, determination of distance "a" of head restraint gaps, tests for checking energy dissipation on the seat-back and head restraint


Procedure:
Application, factory audit, testing (if needed), certificate issuance, market surveillance

Please click here for more Argentina certification:

Multinational Homologation Solutions
ATIC provides more than 28 categories' system, separate technical unit, component multinational compliance and homologation solutions

CNG/LPG Components
Many countries established regulations and homologation procedures for clean energy applications. ATIC team has accumulated many years homologation experience in this area. We are now providing comprehensive services including multinational regulations identification, regulation comparison, training, Q&A, testing and homologation.

Europe, the United States, Japan, Korea, China and India have a comprehensive electric vehicle homologation system. Emerging markets such as the Middle East, Indonesia, and Thailand are gradually developing electric vehicle standards. Our service includes multinational regulations identification, comparison, training and Q&A.

CNG/LPG Components
Many countries established regulations and homologation procedures for clean energy applications. ATIC team has accumulated many years homologation experience in this area. We are now providing comprehensive services including multinational regulations identification, regulation comparison, training, Q&A, testing and homologation.

Brake system components such as brake lining, brake pads and shoes, brake discs are critical safety components. Most countries established compulsory certification scheme for both original and replacement parts. Our market access solution including regulation consulting, training, testing and certification covering all the relevant countries/regions world wide.

Tires are required for mandatory certification in many countries. Besides safety testing, many countries are introducing labelling requirements with regard to the display of information on the fuel efficiency, wet grip and external rolling noise of tires. ATIC provides multinational consulting and homologation services for tires, especially for emerging markets.

In-vehicle communication system is more and more important in internet of vehicle systems. Both automotive and telecom regulations need to be considered. Relying on our professional team and regulation database ATIC provides in-vehicle communication system homologation, training and consulting services covering more than 17 countries.