Canada Vehicles Type Approval


Motor Vehicle National Type Approval
Transport Canada (TC) is mainly responsible for road transportation and rail transportation in Canada. Vehicles and parts of the specified categories must be approved by TC when exported to Canada and comply with the Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Act and safety regulations. The safety regulations are based on the Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (CMVSS). The Minister of Transportation is responsible for the management and enforcement of the Motor Vehicle Safety Law and designates inspectors to be responsible for certification-related matters.

The Motor Vehicle Safety Directorate is responsible for the administration and enforcement of the Motor Vehicle Safety Act. The Motor Vehicle Regulations Enforcement Branch conducts post-market surveillance and oversight of the regulated community through programs of compliance inspection, testing, corporate audits, and the investigation of alleged safety-related defects and recall monitoring.

The Attorney General of Canada is responsible for all litigation relating to the Motor Vehicle Safety Act. The Public Prosecution Service of Canada (PPSC) fulfills the responsibilities of the Attorney General of Canada in the discharge of his/her criminal law mandate by prosecuting criminal offenses under federal jurisdiction. Transport Canada enforcement officials present information and make recommendations regarding prosecutions to the PPSC, which decides whether to proceed with a prosecution.

The Federal Court renders the final decision on the outcome of a prosecution for violations of the Motor Vehicle Safety Act, including what penalty to impose. The Federal Court would also review the Minister’s decision to issue an Order.

ATIC’s homologation experts have conducted systematic research on Canadian motor vehicle regulations and certification system. ATIC, with profession and efficiency, provides full-lifecycle compliance services and certification service for vehicle/component manufacturers.
General Steps
Documents Preparation
ATIC experts evaluate products and assist manufacturers in developing test plans
ATIC experts assist manufacturers develops test plans and schedules tests
Laboratory issues test reports
Record Keeping
Keep test records in paper or electronic form for at least 5 years
Compliance labels or safety markings are affixed in accordance with the provisions of the Motor Vehicle Safety Act after passing the test
Canadian Motor Vehicle Type Approval
Self-CertificationVehicles can be registered and sold based on the manufacturer's self-certification declaration. The regulator can test vehicles entering the market to check compliance.
Types of vehicles required to be regulated by the Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (CMVSS)
  • Passenger Car: means a vehicle having a designated seating capacity of 10 or less, but does not include an all- terrain vehicle, competition vehicle, low-speed vehicle, multi-purpose passenger vehicle, antique reproduction vehicle, motorcycle, truck, trailer or three-wheeled vehicle
  • Bus: means a vehicle having a designated seating capacity of more than 10, but does not include a trailer 
  • Multi-purpose Passenger Vehicle: means a vehicle having a designated seating capacity of 10 or less that is constructed either on a truck chassis or with special features for occasional off-road operation, but does not include an air cushion vehicle, all-terrain vehicle, low-speed vehicle, passenger car, three-wheeled vehicle or truck
  • Truck
  • Trailer
  • Trailer Converter Dolly
  • Motor­cycle: Enclosed Motor­cycle , Open Motor­cycle , Limited-speed Motorcycle , Restricted-use Motorcycle
  • Snow­mobile
  • Low-speed Vehicle
  • Three-wheeled Vehicle

Motor vehicle equipment regulated by the Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Act (CMVSA)
  • Tires
  • Equipment for use in the restraint of children and disabled persons

Vehicles required to be controlled in Canada
  • Records in paper or electronic form must be kept for at least 5 years after the vehicle is manufactured or imported, and must ensure that the test certification records ensure that the enforcement auditor can determine whether the vehicle/equipment complies with all applicable standards and facilitate the investigation and analysis of safety defects.
  • Feedback of records from manufacturers and importers should not take longer than 30 working days after receipt of a request for investigation, or 45 working days for records requiring translation.

Compliance Label: For all completed vehicles, a compliance label (also known as a SoC Label) must be attached to the vehicle to prove compliance with the relevant regulations and standards

The Content of the Compliance Label Includes
  • Name of manufacturer
  • Year and month of vehicle production
  • NSM and authorisation number
  • Vehicle VIN
  • For passenger cars/MPVs/low-speed vehicles/tricycles/trucks/buses/trailers/motorcycles: Gross vehicle weight - GVWR/PN-BV, axle weight rating per axle - GAWR/ PNBE
  • Vehicle type: for passenger cars, code PC/VT
Canadian Compliance Label
National Safety Marks (NSM) are used to indicate the compliance of a vehicle or equipment with the Act and attendant regulations and safety standards. The Minister of Transport authorizes their use and any company that intends to use a NSM must apply to the Minister to obtain this authorization.

Usage Scenarios
  • New vehicles manufactured in Canada and shipped inter-provincially must include a National Safety Mark (NSM) drawing on or beside the compliance label.
  • Imported vehicles may use a prescribed statement on the compliance label instead of a National Safety Mark.
  • Tires manufactured in Canada and shipped inter-provincially do not require a compliance label but must have a National Safety Mark moulded into them.
  • Imported tires must be accompanied by a written declaration from the manufacturer or its duly authorized representative that the tire conforms to the prescribed standards for a tire of that class at the time the tire was manufactured.
  • Restraint systems and booster seats, whether imported or manufactured in Canada for inter-provincial shipment, must have a National Safety Mark and a product information label affixed to them.

National Safety Marks (NSM)
Import MethodSpecific Requirements
Pre-Clearance Program
The Appendix F program is available to Canadian commercial importers importing more than 2500 vehicles per year
Importers listed on Appendix F are not restricted to vehicles of a particular class and are able to import any vehicle regulated by the Act
The Appendix G program is available to Canadian commercial importers who import fewer than 2500 vehicles per year
Only those OEMs and vehicle classes that have qualified for pre-clearance may be imported via pre-clearance
Case-by-Case Importation
A company who is not in the pre-clearance program, may still import regulated vehicles by demonstrating compliance on a case-by-case basis
Registrar of Imported Vehicles (RIV) program
Vehicles Purchased at the Retail Level in the United States and Mexico

Law Enforcement
  • Regulatory Enforcement Inspectors: Inspectors are designated by the Minister and carry a certificate of designation and a badge, which they must produce upon request. They have the most frequent and regular contact with entities regulated by the Motor Vehicle Safety Act.
  • Defect Investigators: Certain inspectors specialize in the documentation of public complaints and in the administrative defect investigation of alleged safety-related defects.

Supervision Form
  • Compliance Testing:inspection and testing of regulated vehicles, tires and equipment for use in the restraint of children and disabled persons.
  • Compliance Audits:auditing companies, which includes reviewing certification documents, quality-control procedures, production capabilities and line operations, as well as examination of products.
  • Defect Investigations and Recalls:documenting and analyzing public complaints alleging safety- related defects and reviewing companies’ Notice of Defect procedures and specific corrective measures (recalls).
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Automotive Safety Technical Regulations System
Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (CMVSS)
CMVSS 101-Controls, Tell-tales, Indicators and Sources of Illumination
CMVSS 102-Transmission Control Functions
CMVSS 103-Windshield Defrosting and Defogging
CMVSS 104-Windshield Wiping and Washing System
CMVSS 105-Hydraulic and Electric Brake Systems
CMVSS 106-Brake Hoses
CMVSS 108-Lighting Systems and Reflective Devices
CMVSS 110-Tire Selection and Rims for Motor Vehicles With a GVWR of 4 536 kg or Less
CMVSS 111-Mirrors and Rear Visibility Systems
CMVSS 113-Hood Latch System
CMVSS 114-Theft Protection and Rollaway Prevention
CMVSS 115-Vehicle Identification Number
CMVSS 116-Motor Vehicle Brake Fluids
CMVSS 118-Power-Operated Window, Partition and Roof Panel Systems
CMVSS 120-Tire Selection and Rims for Motor Vehicles With a GVWR of More Than 4 536 kg
CMVSS 121-Air Brake Systems
CMVSS 122-Motorcycle Brake Systems
CMVSS 123-Motorcycle Controls and Displays
CMVSS 124-Accelerator Control Systems
CMVSS 126-Electronic Stability Control Systems for Light Vehicles
CMVSS 131-School Bus Pedestrian Safety Devices
CMVSS 135-Light Vehicle Brake Systems
CMVSS 136-Electronic Stability Control Systems for Heavy Vehicles
CMVSS 141-Minimum sound requirement for hybrid and electric vehicles
CMVSS 201-Occupant Protection
CMVSS 202-Head Restraints
CMVSS 203-Driver Impact Protection and Steering Control System
CMVSS 204-Steering Column Rearward Displacement
CMVSS 205-Glazing Materials
CMVSS 206-Door Locks and Door Retention Components
CMVSS 207-Anchorage of Seats
CMVSS 208-Occupant Protection in Frontal Impacts
CMVSS 209-Seat Belt Assemblies
CMVSS 210-Seat Belt Anchorages
CMVSS 210.1-User-ready Tether Anchorages for Restraint Systems and Booster Seats
CMVSS 210.2-Lower Universal Anchorage Systems for Restraint Systems and Booster Seats
CMVSS 212-Windshield Mounting
CMVSS 213.4-Built-in Restraint Systems and Built-in Booster Seats
CMVSS 214-Side Impact Protection
CMVSS 215-Bumpers
CMVSS 216-Roof Crush Resistance
CMVSS 217-Bus Window Retention, Release and Emergency Exits
CMVSS 219-Windshield Zone Intrusion
CMVSS 220-Rollover Protection
CMVSS 221-School Bus Body Joint Strength
CMVSS 222-School Bus Passenger Seating and Crash Protection
CMVSS 223-Rear Impact Guards
CMVSS 226-Ejection Mitigation
CMVSS 301-Fuel System Integrity
CMVSS 301.1-LPG Fuel System Integrity
CMVSS 301.2-CNG Fuel System Integrity
CMVSS 301.3-Fuel System Integrity for Three-wheeled Vehicles and Motorcycles
CMVSS 302-Flammability of Interior Materials
CMVSS 305-Electrolyte Spillage and Electrical Shock Protection
CMVSS 401-Interior Trunk Release
CMVSS 500-Low-speed Vehicles
CMVSS 505-Vehicle Stability
CMVSS 901-Axles
CMVSS 903-C-dolly Specifications
CMVSS 904-C-dolly Hitch Requirements
CMVSS 905-Trailer Cargo Anchoring Devices
CMVSS 906-Snowmobile Trailers
CMVSS 1106-Noise Emissions
CMVSS 1201-Snowmobiles

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