EU 2017/2400—A BRIEF ANALYSIS OF COMMERCIAL VEHICLE EMISSION REGULATIONS BASED ON VECTO

EU 2017/2400—A BRIEF ANALYSIS OF COMMERCIAL VEHICLE EMISSION REGULATIONS BASED ON VECTO

RELEASE DATE:2023-12-23 11:12
Brief: EU 2017/2400 is aimed at commerical vehicle emissions and energy consumption and requires manufacturers to use the simulation tool VECTO to simulate the CO2 emission and energy consumption for the entire vehicle.


BACKGROUND OF REGULATION 2017/2400
Heavy-duty Vehicles (HDVs) currently contribute to a quarter of road transport emissions in the EU, and it is projected that by 2030, they will account for 32% of on-road CO2 emissions. In order to achieve the EU's emission reduction goals, the EU needs to implement policy measures that promote energy efficiency in HDVs.

Due to the diversity of configurations and testing challenges associated with HDVs, the EU has opted for a computer simulation-based approach, known as VECTO (Vehicle Energy Consumption calculation TOol), to determine emissions and energy consumption. Starting from 2019, the certification process for CO2 emissions and fuel consumption has been integrated into the type approval process for specific vehicle groups. 

APPLICABLE VEHICLES
1. Medium/Heavy Lorries (N2/N3)
2. Heavy Buses (M3)

VECTO INTRODUCTION
VECTO (Vehicle Energy Consumption calculation TOol) is a specialized tool developed by the European Union for simulating the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles. Vehicle manufacturers integrate relevant parameters of key components and overall vehicle information into a comprehensive vehicle working file. They then use VECTO to perform simulation calculations on this entire vehicle working file to determine the levels of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption.

VECTO employs different functional modules to convert the relevant parameters of components into XML files and generates vehicle information (Job Data) for simulation according to various vehicle configurations. After the simulation is completed, VECTO produces a Customer's Record File and a Manufacturer's Records File for public disclosure. All files undergo digital signing and encryption, and they are published on the production Conformity of Certificate to ensure traceability and prevent tampering.


Components for simulation:
No.
Item
1
Engine 
2
Transmission
3
Torque Converters
4
Other Torque Transferring Components
5

Additional Driveline Components

6
Axles
7
Air Drags
8
Auxiliaries
9
Tyres
10
Electric Powertrain Components

OBTAIN VECTO LICENSE
1. Establish a data management system
2. Download and install the latest version of the software
3. Conduct training for staff (training session)
4. Submit an application with information file to Type Approval Authority

WORK SCHEME
1. Obtain a VECTO license
2. Establish capabilities for calculating carbon dioxide emissions and fuel consumption
3. Conduct simulations, calculate, and publish carbon dioxide emissions and fuel consumption results during mass production
4. Implement production Conformity of Certificate supervision

ATIC GLOBAL REGULATION RESEARCH AND VEHICLE HOMOLOGATION PRODUCT LINE
ATIC Automotive Regulation Research Department and Vehicle Homologation Product Line is dedicated to global automotive regulation research and whole vehicle type approval service. Based on self-developed digital platform ATIC also provides regulatory compliance service and regulation database subscription service.

ABOUT ATIC
ATIC is a testing, inspection and certification company from China, established in 2015.


EU CERTIFICATION PLEASE CONTACT
ziyang1
Ziyang Huang
Vehicle Homologation
ATIC Project Engineer, Ziyang is responsible for the EU Vehicle Certification Program
Phone: +86 020-82510156
Mail: cs@atic-cn.com