The variety of dangerous goods and the wide range of uses, while promoting economic and social development and improving quality of our life, also pose severe challenges to human safety, health and the environment. Dangerous goods transportation management is not only a safety issue but also a social issue, countries around the world attach great importance to it. In 1957, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) formulated the “European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road - ECE / TRANS / 275” (so called ADR) from the perspective of ensuring safety of road transport of dangerous goods and promoting sustainable development which details the requirements for the transportation of dangerous goods. Dangerous goods packaging, intermediate containers for bulk transport (IBC), large packagings, tanks and containers for bulk transportation, dangerous goods transport vehicles and related components entering European market shall meet the transport and manufacturing requirements stipulated by ADR.
ANALYSIS OF THE EU HOMOLOGATION OF RETRO-REFLECTIVE DEVICES
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Prepare technical documentation, drawings, control plans and other quality management system documents
After technical documentation, drawings and control plans are ready, ATIC experts will review and verify documents and design
Prototype Inspection and Homologation
Manufacturer produces prototype vehicles and containers, ATIC experts conduct on-site inspection of prototype vehicles and containers. Apply for vehicle type approval certificates
Manufacturer starts batch production, ATIC experts carry out inspection for each container produced and issue reports
Classificaiton of Dangerous Goods
There are many types of dangerous goods and a wide range of uses. According to the “European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road” (ADR), dangerous goods are classified as bellow:
Class 1 Explosive substances and articles
Class 2 Gases
Class 3 Flammable liquids
Class 4.1 Flammable solids, self-reactive substances and solid desensitized explosives
Class 4.2 Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
Class 4.3 Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases
Class 5.1 Oxidizing substances
Class 5.2 Organic peroxides
Class 6.1 Toxic substances
Class 6.2 Infectious substances
Class 7 Radioactive material
Class 8 Corrosive substances
Class 9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles
Classification of Dangerous Goods Packaging and Containers
“European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road” (ADR) specifies requirements for the construction and testing of packaging and containers of dangerous goods. Based on materials, design, size, technology, usage, etc. packing and containers are classified as bellow:
Small packaging, intermediate bulk containers (IBCs), large packaging: barrels and cans, boxes, bags, composite packaging, combined packaging, light gauge metal packaging, etc.
Small pressure vessels: gas cylinders, gas pipes, cryogenic receptacles, metal hydride storage systems, valves, etc.
Radioactive material packages: excepted packages, industrial packages, uranium hexafluoride packages, fissile material packages, etc.
Movable tanks: mobile tanks for Class 1 and Class 3-9, mobile tanks for refrigerated liquefied gases
Fixed or removable tanks, containers: tanks, valves, cap assemblies, pressure and breathing vacuum devices, etc.
Technical Requirements for Dangerous Goods Transport Vehicles
Vehicle classification: EX/II, EX/III, FL, OX and AT vehicles and MEMUs
Dangerous goods transportation vehicles and their components also play a vital role in road transportation of dangerous goods. Vehicles and components also shall comply with “European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road” (ADR) and the European Road Motor Vehicle Regulation (2007/46 / EC) in order to enter EU market
Components involved in ADR certification include: wiring, battery master switch, batteries, permanently energized circuits, electrical installation at rear of cab, anti-lock braking system, endurance braking system, vehicle cab, fuel tanks, engine, exhaust system, vehicle endurance braking, combustion heaters, speed limitation device, coupling devices of trailers, etc.
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ADR Technical Requirements
▸ Technical Requirements For Dangerous Goods Transport Vehicles And Parts
▸ Requirements For Manufacturing And Testing Of Dangerous Goods Packaging And Containers
Requirements for the construction and testing of packagings
ADR Chapter 6.1
Requirements for the construction and testing of pressure receptacles, aerosol dispensers, small receptacles containing gas (gas cartridges) and fuel cell cartridges containing liquefied flammable gas
ADR Chapter 6.2
Requirements for the construction and testing of packagings for Class 6.2 infectious substances of Category A
ADR Chapter 6.3
Requirements for the construction, testing andapproval of packages and material of Class 7
ADR Chapter 6.4
Requirements for the construction and testingof intermediate bulk containers (IBCs)
ADR Chapter 6.5
Requirements for the construction and testing oflarge packagings
ADR Chapter 6.6
Requirements for the design, construction,inspection and testing of portable tanks andUN multiple-element gas containers (MEGCs)
ADR Chapter 6.7
Requirements for the construction, equipment,type approval, inspections and tests, and marking of fixed tanks (tank-vehicles), demountable tanks and tank-containers and tank swap bodies, with shells made of metallic materials, and battery-vehicles and multiple element gas containers (MEGCs)
ADR Chapter 6.8
Requirements for the design, construction, equipment, type approval, testing and marking of fibre-reinforced plastics (FRP) fixed tanks (tank-vehicles), demountable tanks, tank containers and tank swap bodies
ADR Chapter 6.9
Requirements for the construction, equipment, type approval, inspection and marking of vacuum-operated waste tanks
ADR Chapter 6.10
Requirements for the design, construction, inspection and testing of bulk containers
ADR Chapter 6.11
Requirements for the construction, equipment, type approval, inspections and tests, and marking of tanks, bulk containers and special compartments for explosives of mobile explosives manufacturing units (MEMUs)