电动平衡车StVZO认证

Germany

Small Electric Vehicle Ordinance - eKFV
The German Road Traffic Act (Straßenverkehrsgesetz - StVG) stipulates that all motor vehicles used on roads must be type-approved. However, there were no special technical regulations applicable to electric self-balancing scooter in Germany. Regulation (EU) no. 168/2013 of the European parliament and of the council of 15 January 2013 on the approval and market surveillance of two- or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles, as well as Electric Power Mobility Ordinance (Mobilitätshilfenverordnung - MobHV), did not involve a seatless electric self-balancing scooter. Therefore, in the legal aspect, in Germany, electric self-balancing scooter were not allowed to be used on the public road.

The Federal Motor Transport Authority (Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt KBA) plans to develop and implement Small Electric Vehicle Ordinance (Elektrokleinstfahrzeuge-Verordnung - eKFV) in 2019. eKFV incorporates the terms of the MobHV, adds provisions for electric balancing vehicles, and replaced MobHV after formal implementation. eKFV has detailed provisions for electric balance vehicles, including technical requirements, homologation requirements, compulsory insurance, vehicle registration and driver qualifications. The technical requirements relate to the power, speed, weight, brakes, handrails, lights and other parameters and components.

German eKFV was officially released and implemented on June 15, 2019. Persons using electric balance vehicles without type approval on the road will face a fine of 70 euros. Manufacturers of electric balance vehicles must guarantee electric balance vehicles sold to Germany type approved, an ABE type approval certificate is obtained to ensure that consumers can register and use the vehicle legally.

ATIC provides ABE type approval services according to eKFV including information document preparation, initial assessment follow up, as well as product testing. 

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General Steps
Initial Assessment
Information Sheet on Initial Assessment (MAB) shall be submitted by the applicant, initial assessment will be done by KBA auditor or external KBA partners, CoP report will be issued after the audit.
Information Document
ATIC will support the applicant prepare drawings, information documents, business license and its translation, QMS documents, CoP control plan, etc.
Testing
ATIC will support the applicant to make a testing plan and conduct pre-tests if needed, send testing samples to designated testing labs in Germany and follow up testing.
Approval
After initial assessment and testing pass, all documents including MAB forms, CoP report, information folder, testing report will be submitted to KBA, KBA will review all the documents and issue the type approval certificate if all results satisfied. A typical lead-time for the review process is 4 to 6 weeks.
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eKFV Requirements

eKFV specifies provisions on general requirements, component requirements and whole vehicle performance for electric scooters
电动平衡车ABE认证
General Requirements:
Max speed
Steering or support rod length
Rated power
Size
Weight
Nameplate

平衡车StVZO
Component Requirements:
Brake
Horn
Lamp battery, generator, chargeable energy storage device
Lamp installation: low beam headlights, retro-reflector, taillights, class Z retro-reflector
Light source
Side retro-reflector
Turn indicator




Scooter StVZO
Whole Vehicle Requirements:
EMC
Tamper protection
Anti-electric shock
Anti-misoperation
Driver protection
Automatic stop function
Battery safety
Floor support and anti-slip
Environmental test
Braking performance
Driving dynamic performance

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