Brief: Israel, located on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, is considered the most advanced country in Southwest Asia and the Middle East in economic and industrial development. In 2010, it joined the OECD. The country is ranked 16th in the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report. Imports to Israel, totaling $66.76 billion in 2017, include raw materials, military equipment, investment goods, rough diamonds, fuels, grain, and consumer goods. Most Israeli standards are voluntary, but the Ministry of Economy can convert them into mandatory standards if they are essential to protect public safety or public health or environmental quality.
Under Israel's Standards Law of 1953, the Standards Institution of Israel (SII) is the official standards body in Israel, a non-governmental organization, but under the direct authority of the government and under the direction of the Israeli Ministry of Economy and Industry, responsible for standard-setting, certification and product testing to ensure that products produced or imported in Israel meet quality requirements.
MANDATORY CERTIFICATION OF CONSUMER GOODS IN ISRAEL
Most Israeli standards are voluntary, but the Ministry of Economy can convert them into mandatory standards if they are essential to protect public safety or public health or environmental quality.
Mandatory certification of products on the list and prohibition of manufacture of such products without a license from SII. Upon completion of the certification, SII will authorize the manufacturer to place the Standard Mark on the product. Products on the mandatory list include plugs, fire extinguishers, refrigerators, household gas appliances, playground equipment, elevators, etc. Products that are not on the mandatory list can also be certified for the standard mark, providing a marketing advantage to the manufacturer.
The importation of consumer goods into Israel and mandatory certification are independent of each other, and whether or not the product is on Israel's mandatory certification list, it is required at the time of importation to inspect the goods by lot, according to their potential level of danger. After the applicant has obtained the SII certificate, it is not possible to avoid each cargo inspection entrusted to the SII agency by the customs, nor can the SII certificate be used to reduce the length of stay in customs.
Israel regulates products in four levels, depending on the level of risk they may pose to public health and safety.
1. Import Group 1 is for products that pose the highest risk to public health and safety, such as household appliances, children's toys, pressure vessels, portable blister fire extinguishers.
2. Import Group 2 is for products with a moderate potential risk to public health and safety: sunglasses, installation pipes, carpets, construction materials.
3. Import Group 3 consists of products with a low level of risk to public health and safety: including tiles, ceramic sanitary ware, etc.
4. Import Group 4 is products for industrial use only and not directly to consumers: for example, industrial electronics.
Both Customs and SII are administered by the Ministry of Economy and Industry, but operate relatively independently and foreign businesses entering Israel are subject to both customs inspections and, where appropriate, standard marking certification.
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