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Peru

Vehicle Type Approval
The Peruvian automobile industry is relatively small and mainly depends on automobile imports to meet the domestic market demand. Domestic production is mainly concentrated in assembly field, including. It covers the assembly plants of some international automobile brands. However, the capacity of these assembly plants is relatively limited and does not meet the demand, so Peru's main dependence on cars is on imports. 

In recent years, the Peruvian automotive market has gradually attracted the attention of a number of international automakers through local dealers and partners cooperate in an attempt to establish a stronger presence in the Peruvian market. Nevertheless, overall, Peru's automotive industry is relatively limited in size. domestic consumers pay more attention to imported models when purchasing vehicles.

The Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC), the Ministry of the Environment (MINAM), and the National Vehicle Registry Office (DGCT). The MTC is responsible for legislation related to transportation and communication, coordinating international and national transport matters, and overseeing the certification of automobile types. MINAM formulates and issues regulations concerning vehicle emissions, ensuring their proper implementation. The DGCT, as a subsidiary of the MTC, is the executing body for vehicle certification. According to Peruvian regulations, all motor vehicles entering the Peruvian market must undergo formal certification by the DGCT to obtain approval and a Peruvian Automotive Type Approval Certificate before being allowed to circulate in the Peruvian market.

ATIC experienced experts provide professional and efficient consulting and homologation service for whole vehicle and component manufactures intended to enter Peruvian market.

Certifcation Process

Application
Vehicle technical
requirement compliance report
Testing
Vehicle emission certification
Submit
Compliance reports; Emission certificates; application forms; Technical documents; etc.

Approval
Review and approval
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Competent Department

The Ministry of Transport & Communications of Peru is the national ministerial-level authority, which is responsible for the regulation and legislation of transportation and communication, coordination of international and national transportation, etc., and vehicle approval and supervision authorities. 

To ensure that infrastructure, transportation and communication services are provided to the Peruvian people in a safe, sustainable, inclusive and competitive manner in order to achieve integration and national development.

It is responsible for assessing, granting and accrediting rights in infrastructure and land transport services by means of authorizations, permits, licences, etc., for road, rail transport, water transport, multimodal transport, related services and complementary activities;
It is also responsible for waterway, circulation and land transportation under the purview of the Ministry of Transport and Communications.

In order to ensure that vehicles comply with technical requirements and emission standards, the Peruvian National Directorate of Vehicle Registration (DGCT) requires that each new make and model of automobile be type-certified and comply with the National Vehicle Regulations and its subsidiary legislation before they can be registered for use in Peru.

The Peruvian Ministry of Environment is the national ministerial body responsible for formulating and issuing regulations on vehicle emissions and supervising their implementation.

Public and private organizations, as well as civil society, promote the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources in a decentralized and unambiguous manner, improving biodiversity and environmental quality for the benefit of human beings and the environment. 

Core Regulations
Peruvian core regulations for vehicle access include vehicle frame regulations, emission regulations, etc.

Code number
Regulatory Name 
Regulation Remarks
DS-058-2003-MTC
National Vehicle Regulations 
Peruvian Vehicle Access Framework Regulation
DS-029-2021-MINAN
Maximum Permissible Limits of atmospheric emissions for motor vehicles
Regulations on Peruvian Vehicle Access Emission
DS-019-2018-MTC
National Vehicle Regulations 
Homologation special regulations, including DS No.058-2003 16th revision of -MTC

Vehicle Classification Frame

Vehicles belonging to category M, N or O which are used to transport passengers or cargo and perform specific functions, 
requiring special body and/or equipment, are classified as S vehicles.

Classification
Classification Remarks
Category M
Vehicles designed and manufactured for passenger transport with four or more wheels (M1, M2, M3)
Category N
Vehicles designed and manufactured for the transport of goods with four or more wheels (N1, N2, N3)
Category O
Trailer (O1, O2, O3, O4)
Category L
(L1, L2, L3, L4, L5)
Special Vehicle Category: 
SA, SB, SC, SD, SE, SF, SG
Motor homes (RVs)
Armored vehicles for the transportation of valuables
Ambulances
Funeral vehicles
Fire trucks
Mobile prison vehicles
Troop carriers

Vehicle Safety Frame
For Motor Vehicles of Category M, N, O, L (41 items in total)


No.
Project _EN
Regulation No.
Applicable Vehicle
1
Lighting and optical signalling devices
Annex III 1
M1,M2,M3,N1,N2,N3,O1,O2,O3,O4,L1,L2,L3,L4,L5
2
Brake system
Annex III 2
M1,M2,M3,N1,N2,N3,O1,O2,O3,O4,L1,L2,L3,L4,L5
3
Tire
Annex III 3
M1,M2,M3,N1,N2,N3,O1,O2,O3,O4,L1,L2,L3,L4,L5
4
Drive mode
Annex III 4
M1,M2,M3,N1,N2,N3,L1,L2,L3,L4,L5
5
Operational controls and indicators
Annex III 5
M1,M2,M3,N1,N2,N3,L1,L2,L3,L4,L5
6
Mirrors and sun visors
Annex III 6
M1,M2,M3,N1,N2,N3,L1,L2,L3,L4,L5
7
Driver seat
Annex III 7
M1,M2,M3,N1,N2,N3,L1,L2,L3,L4,L5
8
Fuel tank
Annex III 8
M1,M2,M3,N1,N2,N3,L1,L2,L3,L4,L5
...
...
...
...

Emission Requirements & Homologation Mode

Peru's Ministry of the Environment sets emission requirements that refer to EU emission regulations and US emission regulations, and automobile manufacturers can choose the corresponding regulations according to their own situation, but they must complete emission tests and reports in specific laboratories.

Emission tests must be completed in a specific laboratory and a report must be issued.

Current emission limits: Euro 4/6 (or EPA Tier 2 Bin 5);
From 2024/10: Vehicles less than or equal to 3.5 t passenger/cargo load need to comply with Euro 6b or higher;
Vehicles >3.5 t passenger/cargo need to comply with Euro 6a or higher.

Note: For pure trams, the maximum range of the battery is required.

Regulation Level:
Peru's automotive regulatory system is relatively simple, with specific regulations for vehicle technical requirements and type approval processes, and specific regulations for emissions.

Process Level:
Components: DOT certification is required for reflective tape.
Safety: Submission of safety-related certification information
Emission: Submit test reports issued by specific laboratories.

Whole vehicle access is handled by DGCT, a department under the Ministry of Transportation, and type approval can be completed by submitting a declaration of compliance, technical forms and emission test reports.

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