Vehicle Accident Emergency Call Global Homologation Solution
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Global eCall Homologation Matrix
eCall is a system that provides an automated message to the emergency services following a road crash which includes the precise crash location.


 UNECE EU EAEU UAE
 Certification
ECE Type Approval (E-Mark)EC Type Approval(e-Mark) EAC TRA
Authority
Ministry of Transportation of Contracting Party
Ministry of Transportation of Contracting Party
EAEU Economic Commission
Telecommunications Regulatory Authority
Test Location
China / Europe
China / Europe
Russia
China / UAE
Conformity of Production
Initial Assessment + CoP
Initial Assessment + CoP
Initial Assessment + CoP
None
Regulation / Standard
 UN Regulation No. 144
REGULATION (EU) 2015/758
REGULATION (EU) 2017/79
TP TC 018
GSO 2021 Model Year
UAE.S 5019: 2018
Type Approval Objects
1. Type Approval of AECC 
2. Type Approval of AECD
3. Type Approval of M1 and N1 vehicles equipped with AECS (AECD certified)
4. Type Approval of M1 and N1 vehicles equipped with AECS (AECD not certified)
1. EC type-approval of 112-based E-Call in-vehicle system components 
2. EC type-approval of 112-based E-Call in-vehicle STUs
3. EC type-approval of motor vehicles with regard to the installation of 112-based E-Call in-vehicle systems: 
- the motor vehicle is fitted with a type of 112-based E-Call in-vehicle components or STU that has not been type-approved
- the 112-based E-Call in-vehicle system of the motor vehicle comprises one or more components that have been type-approved
- the motor vehicle is fitted with a type of 112-based E-Call in-vehicle STU that has been type-approved

1. Type Approval of IVDS 
2. Type Approval of vehicle equipped with IVDS
1. Type approval of eCall unit
2. Type Approval of vehicle equipped with eCall unit
Marks
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Vehicle Accident Emergency Call System

eCall
INTRODUCTION TO THE EMERGENCY CALL SYSTEM
eCall is a system that provides an automated message to the emergency services following a road crash which includes the precise crash location. The in-vehicle eCall is an emergency call (an E112 wireless call) generated either manually by the vehicle occupants by pushing a button or automatically via activation of in-vehicle sensors after a crash. When activated, the in-vehicle eCall device will establish an emergency call carrying both voice and data directly to the nearest emergency services (normally the nearest 112 Public Safety Answering Point, PSAP). The voice call enables vehicle occupants to communicate with the trained eCall operator. At the same time, a minimum set of data will be sent to the eCall operator receiving the voice call. The minimum set of data contains information about the incident including time, precise location, vehicle identification, eCall status (as a minimum, indication if eCall has been manually or automatically triggered) and information about a possible service provider.

THE WORKING PRINCIPLE OF THE EMERGENCY CALL SYSTEM
The operation of eCall system mainly involves eCall in-vehicle system, GNSS satellite navigation system, mobile network system, public safety answering point, hospital or other treatment center. The working principle as follow:
  • In an emergency, the eCall system is activated
  • The system receives the information broadcasted by the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and calculates the vehicle's position information in real time
  • The system sends the minimum data set (MSD) and voice to the public safety answering platform (PSAP) through the mobile communication network
  • Establish connection between PSAP and vehicle
  • Arrange rescue services
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United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

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UN R144 
The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) has officially announced the technical regulations for emergency call system UN R144. The UN R144 regulations have entered into force in July 2018. Considering the international influence of the UNECE regulations, more and more can be foreseen Of countries will adopt UN R144 as the technical standard for their national emergency call system. The EU and the Customs Union are also considering mutual recognition of UN R144 and their respective standards.
AECC: "AECC (Accident Emergency Call Components)" means the following parts or a combination of the following parts.
  • Control modules and associated connectors. 
  • Communication modules and associated connectors, excluding microphones, speakers and connectors. 
  • Backup power supply (if installed) and associated connectors. 
  • Power supplies and associated connectors. 
  • Mobile network antennas and associated connectors. 
  • Global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receivers and related connectors. 
  • Global navigation satellite system (GNSS) antennas and related connectors. 
  • Alarm signalling devices. 
  • Information signalling devices. 

AECD: "AECD (Accident Emergency Call Devices)" means a technical unit or group of components that meets at least the following functions. 
  • Receive and/or generate automatic and manual trigger signals. 
  • Send the minimum data set (MSD). 
It can also perform any of the following functions. 
  • Receiving or locating the vehicle. 
  • Provide warning signs. 
  • Allow two-way audio signals for voice communication. 

AECS: Accident Emergency Call Systems means an AECD installed in a vehicle
GNSS: Global Navigation Satellite System
PSAP: Public/Private Safety Answering Point
PLMN: Public Land Mobile Network
MSD: Minimum Set of Data  
HMI: Human/Machine Interface
SBAS: Satellite-Based Augmentation System
e-call
Vehicle types suitable for UN R144
Suitable for M1, N1 vehicles;
The following vehicle types are not applicable to R144:
  • In the scope of neither UN Regulation No. 94 nor UN Regulation No. 95 and not fitted with an automatic triggering of a AECS;   
  • Of category M1 in the scope of UN Regulation No. 94 and not equipped with frontal airbag; 
  • Of category N1 in the scope of UN Regulation No. 95 and not equipped with side airbag; 
  • Of category M1 with a total permissible mass above 3.5 t; 
  • Armoured vehicles

UN R144 is not suitable for the following functional scenarios
  • Communication module functionality and communication antenna functionality, unless otherwise prescribed in this Regulation 
  • The additional data to the Minimum Set of Data (MSD) to be convened to Public Service Answering Party (PSAP), the format of the data, the mechanism and logic of data transmission, data exchange protocol, operation modes and conditions of transitions between such modes, performance of the test call and test data transfer, response to protocol commands received from infrastructure and network registration logic 
  • Privacy, data protection and personal data processing 
  • Periodical Technical Inspection 
  • Automatic triggering of AECS in case of vehicle rollover

Based on 3 types of products, R144 includes the following four approval modes: 
Part Ia: AECC Approval
the approval of Accident Emergency Call Components (AECC) which are intended to be fitted as part of an Accident Emergency Call Device (AECD).
Part Ib: AECD Approval
the approval of AECDs which are intended to be fitted to vehicles of categories M1 and N1.
Part II: AECS Approval (With AECD Approval)
the approval of vehicles of categories M1 and N1  with regard to their Accident Emergency Call System (AECS) when equipped with an AECD which has been approved to Part Ib of this Regulation.
Part III: AECS Approval (Without AECD Approval)
the approval of vehicles of categories M1 and N1  with regard to their AECS when equipped with an AECD which has not been separately approved according to Part Ib of this Regulation. 



Testing Items
AECC (Part Ia)
AECD (Part Ib)
AECS (Part II)
(With AECD Approval)

AECS (Part III)
(Without AECD Approval)

Data sending and voice connection
X*
X
N.A
X
EMC
X*
X
N.A
X
Position determination
X*
X*
X*
X*
Means of access to PLMN
X*
X
N.A
X
Vehicle impact test
N.A
N.A
X
X
AECS control
N.A
N.A
X
X
Information and warning signal
X*
X*
X*
X
Hands-free audio performance
N.A
N.A
X
X
Power supply
X*
X
X*
X
Resistance to impact
X*
X*
N.A
X
Remarks: X* means that the conditions apply, please contact ATIC for specific differences

European Union

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Vehicle Accident Emergency Call EU Type Approval
The European Parliament and Council formally issued Regulation (EU) 2015/758 and REGULATION (EU) 2017/79 based on the 112 Service and Amendment Directive 2007/46/EC. From 31 March 2018, all new types of vehicle (category M1 - passenger cars comprising not more than eight seats in addition to the driver’s seat) and light commercial vehicles (category N1 - vehicles used to transport goods with a maximum mass not exceeding 3.5 tonnes) in the EU will be equipped with eCall technology to alert emergency services in the event of a serious accident.
Vehicle Type With Regard To the Installation of a 112-based eCall in-vehicle System
It means motor vehicles that do not differ in such essential respects as the characteristics of the integration within the vehicle as well as the functionality and capability of essential hardware deploying an in-vehicle emergency call.

Type of 112-based eCall in-vehicle STU
It means a combination of specific hardware which does not differ in such essential respects as the characteristics, functionality and capability of deploying an in-vehicle emergency call when installed in a motor vehicle.

Type of 112-based eCall in-vehicle System Component
It means specific hardware which does not differ in such essential respects as the characteristics, functionality and capability of facilitating the deployment of an in-vehicle emergency call when integrated in a 112-based eCall in-vehicle STU or 112-based eCall in-vehicle system.
ecall
It shall apply to the following vehicles:
The vehicles of categories M1 and N1 as defined in points 1.1.1 and 1.2.1 of Part A of Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC and to 112-based eCall in-vehicle systems, components and separate technical units designed and constructed for such vehicles.

It shall not apply to the following vehicles:
  • vehicles produced in small series approved pursuant to Articles 22 and 23 of Directive 2007/46/EC; 
  • vehicles approved pursuant to Article 24 of Directive 2007/46/EC; 
  • vehicles which cannot for technical reasons be equipped with an appropriate eCall triggering mechanism, as determined in accordance with paragraph 2.
1. EC type-approval of 112-based eCall in-vehicle system components
2. EC type-approval of 112-based eCall in-vehicle STUs
3. EC type-approval of motor vehicles with regard to the installation of 112-based eCall in-vehicle systems
  • the motor vehicle is fitted with a type of 112-based eCall in-vehicle components or STU that has not been type-approved 
  • the 112-based eCall in-vehicle system of the motor vehicle comprises one or more components that have been type-approved 
  • the motor vehicle is fitted with a type of 112-based eCall in-vehicle STU that has been type-approved
Requirements and test procedures for EC type-approvalEC type-approval of 112-based eCall in-vehicle system components
EC type-approval of 112-based eCall in-vehicle STUs
EC type-approval of motor vehicles with regard to the installation of 112-based eCall in-vehicle systems
A type of 112-based eCall in-vehicle components or STU that has not been type-approvedthe 112-based eCall in-vehicle system comprises one or more components that have been type-approvedwith a type of 112-based eCall in-vehicle STU that has been type-approved
The resistance of eCall in-vehicle systems to severe crashesXXXX*N.A
Full-scale impact
N.AN.AXX*X
Crash resistance of audio equipmentN.AN.AXX*X
Co-existence of third party services (TPS)X*XXX*N.A
Automatic triggering mechanismN.AN.AXX*X
GNSS performance
X*XXX*N.A
In-vehicle system self-testX*XXX*N.A
Privacy and data protectionN.AXXX*N.A
Remarks: X* means that the conditions apply, please contact ATIC for specific differences

United Arab Emirates

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Vehicle Accident Emergency Call UAE Type Approval
Based on the UAE cabinet decree No. (13) / 2018, all new vehicles starting from 2021 model year must be equipped with eCall system and must meet the requirements of UAE.S 5019:2018.

It applies to all new passenger cars and vans smaller than 3.5 tones (annual imports greater than 75 units).
The regulation determines that the two languages must be available for HMI information, but one language will be accepted at this stage, and the manufacturer must comply later on with regulation requirements on this regard during the coming year models.
Type approval for eCall unit
  • Testing and submit the test reports according to UAE.S 5019: 2018 and EU 2017/79
  • Obtain the type approval certificate

Gulf Conformity Certificate for vehicles with eCall
  • Submit an application 
  • Crash tests witnessed by the GSO
  • Obtain the conformity certificate
Eurasian Economic Union

Vehicle EAC Certification
Vehicle Accident Emergency Call EAEU Type Approval
The Eurasian Economic Union, also known as the Eurasian Economic Commission, was formerly a customs union consisting of Russia, Belarus, and Kazakhstan. Kyrgyzstan and Armenia subsequently joined the alliance to form the Eurasian Economic Union in 2015. The five countries are all An important partner in the construction of “One Road”. According to the Eurasian Economic Union's core automotive technical regulations TP TC 018/2011 and the January 2013 revision of the regulations, from January 1, 2017, all M and N vehicles will be required to install ERA-GLONASS emergency call system.
IVD: in-vehicle emergency call device
Device used for measurement and evaluation of vehicle coordinates, speed and direction of movement based on the signals from at least two active Global Navigation Satellite Systems, for manual transmission of vehicle data messages when a road accident or an accident of other kind occurs, and for duplex voice communication with emergency services over wireless mobile communication networks. 

IVS: in-vehicle emergency call system
System supporting the functions of an in-vehicle emergency call device and providing for automatic transmission of vehicle data messages when a road accident or an accident of other kind occurs.
*The IVD and IVS are usually called IVDS together. The basic differences are as follows:

Vehicle Type
Triggering conditions
IVS
M1 falling within the scope of UNECE Regulations No. 94 and 95; N1 falling within the scope of UNECE Regulation No. 95
Automatic transmission  when crash and rollover
IVD
M1, not falling within the scope of UNECE Regulations No. 94 and 95; N1 not included in the scope of UNECE Regulation No. 95, M2, M3, N2, N3
Manual transmission at normal and crash, automatic transmission  when rollover

ERA
ERA-GLONASS system hardware modules include:
  • Navigation receiver for GLONASS 
  • GNSS antenna 
  • GSM and UMTS communication module (modem) 
  • Microphone(s) and loudspeaker(s) 
  • Antenna for GSM and UMTS communication module 
  • Built-in non-removable universal multi-profile SIM/eUICC chip 
  • In-band modem 
  • Automatic detector of RTA events and related components (M1 and N1) 
  • User interface module with "Emergency call" and "Additional functions" buttons 
  • IVDS status indicator 
  • Internal non-volatile memory and RAM 
  • Master microcontroller 
  • Interface for access to diagnostic data 
  • Power supply,  a backup power supply

ERA-GLONASS system functional modules include:
  • Automatically send the minimum set of data (MSD), which should contain reliable vehicle position data, directions, etc
  • Support two-way voice communication;
  • Activate the speaker communication mode and ensure that all other standard audio playback devices and systems in the car are muted during emergency calls
  • Use the optical status indicator to display its own health status and operating mode
  • Support its self-diagnosis test
  • IVDS interface to access diagnostic data
  •  Record and transmit accident acceleration curve and accident severity assessment (only for M1 and N1 vehicles)

Technical Requirement
  • GOST 33464-2015 In-vehicle emergency call device/system. General technical requirements
  • GOST 33465-2015 Protocol of data exchange between in-vehicle emergency call device/system and emergency response system infrastructure
  • GOST 33466-2015 Test methods for verification of in-vehicle emergency call device/system conformity to requirements of electromagnetic compatibility, environmental and mechanical resistance
  • GOST 33467-2015 Functional test methods for in-vehicle emergency call device/system and data transfer protocols
  • GOST 33468-2015 Test methods for verification of in-vehicle emergency call device/system conformity to requirements for loudspeaker communication in vehicle cabin
  • GOST 33469-2015 Test methods for verification of in-vehicle emergency call system/device conformity to accident detection requirements
  • GOST 33470-2015 Test methods for wireless communication modules of in-vehicle emergency call device/system
  • GOST 33471-2015 Test methods for navigation module of in-vehicle emergency call device/system
  • GOST 34003-2016 Motor vehicles – Test methods in respect to automatic triggering of in-vehicle emergency call device/system in the event of vehicle rollover

ERA-GLONASS system test items matrix
Test-items
In-vehicle emergency call device/system (IVDS)
Equipping the emergency call device /system
Conformity to requirements of electromagnetic compatibility, environmental and mechanical resistance
XX
Functional test methods for IVDS and data transfer protocols
XX
Conformity to requirements for loudspeaker communication in vehicle cabin
XX
Wireless communication modules
XX
Navigation module
XX
Vehicle rollover tests

X
Conformity to accident detection requirements:Frontal collision (M1 and N1)

X
Conformity to accident detection requirements:Lateral collision (M1 and N1)

X



eCall activation button
and the status indicator

 
Marking of after-market ERA-GLONASS product
*compulsory only for IVDS as an auxiliary equipment

The type approval mode of ERA-GLONASS system is 2c certification, The process is as follows:



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